Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID)
It is an infection of the female reproductive organs. If left untreated, it can lead to scarring of tissues and organs and can also cause infertility.
• Lower abdominal pain.
• Foul smelling vaginal discharge.
• Pain during sexual intercourse.
• Pain and burning sensation during micturition.
• Abdominal tenderness.
• Irregular menstrual flow.
• Nausea and vomiting, etc.
Causes & risk factors
• Microbial invasion.
• Sexually transmitted diseases.
• Opportunistic pathogens & infections.
• Sepsis after surgery.
• Trauma following IUD (Intra-uterine device)
• Vagina douching.
• Multiple sex partners.
• History taking.
• Pelvic examination.
• HVS (High Vaginal Swab test).
• Pelvic USS (Ultrasound scan), etc.
•Oral administration of prescribed antibiotics.
• Parenteral administration of prescribed antibiotics.
• Surgery in chronic cases.
• Avoid multiple sexual partners.
• Encourage the use of barrier method of contraception e.g condoms.
• Treat STDs/STIs as early as possible.
• Improve on personal hygiene measures, especially care of the perineal area.
• After using the toilet, clean from the front to the back (i.e clean the vulva first before cleaning the rectum) in order to prevent opportunistic infections.
• Avoid vagina douching.
• Chronic pelvic pain.
• Tubo- ovarian abscess.
• Infertility, etc.
Thomas Abiodun Olamide is a Registered Nurse, a graduate of Ogun State School of Nursing Ilaro with BNSc in view. She is also a human rights activist. 09056808068
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